Facilitating and Organizing Rehabilitation and Ecosystem Stability Through Family-Based Approaches (FOREST Families)
The aftermath of the destruction of typhoon Ketsana, a movement to rehabilitate and save the Marikina Watershed came from the private sector and individuals who wanted to make sure that such devastation would not happen again. Thus the Marikina watershed Initiative (MWI) was born.
Ever since the formation of MWI, the organization envisioned the rehabilitation of the Marikina Watershed that would promote effective sustainable enforcement of the rehabilitation through community-based approaches. If this question of community-based rehabilitation is not properly addressed, the existing effort, while full of promise, will remain a bane and unresponsive to the needs of people of Metro Manila. Depletion of forest resources will continue unabated
The project aims to address the twin issues of poverty and environmental degradation in and around the Marikina Watershed by strategically modeling a sustainable family-based rehabilitation program that would augment community income and restore watershed resources. FFI-Philippines will work:
- to ensure alleviation of poverty by sustaining family-based watershed resource management efforts in and aroundthe Marikina Watershed;
- to effectively and efficiently respond to community organizing, legal, technical, financial, managerial, research, monitoring, and documentation capacity-building needs for the rehabilitation of the watershed
The central strategy of the project to meet the above-mentioned objectives is social capital and accountability. The project will build, sustain, and enhance norms among individuals and institutions natural resource conservation movement to make them more effective and efficient to mobilize broader conservation constituency. It will employ the principles of constructive accountability (Freedman, 2003), progressive realization of rights and empowerment in building up the rehabilitation program.
Project Phase and Key Activities
The project will consist of five phases: 1) The conduct of baseline surveys and mitigating measures for the impacts of climate change (extreme weather conditions) for fauna, flora, hydrology and socioeconomics, 2) The conduct of community–based identification workshop for priority rehabilitation/restoration site within the Marikina Watershed, 3) Institutionalisation of priority restoration site within the watershed, 4) Establishment and institutionalization of a family-base rehabilitation/restoration program, 5) Monitoring and Evaluation. Below is the programmatic details of each phase of the proposed project
Phase 1: Establishment ofEcological Baseline to determine mitigating measures for the impacts of climate change (extreme weather conditions) to the communities and the natural ecosystems they depend on.
This phase will establish ecological baselines as basis for management planningusing historical, secondary and primary information of key habitats such as forest ecosystem, habitat and vegetation types in the area, and identify the natural and anthropogenic factors that influence flora/faunal richness and abundance and endangerment of species. The ecological baselines are alsodesigned to aide in developing mitigating measures for the impacts of climate change( climate change vulnerability analysis).Standard participatory rural appraisal techniques will be used to determine livelihood guilds and dependencies in forest and non forest resources, whilst the river ecosystem will be using modeling techniques using Hec-Raswherein results of hydrologic studies on sediment transport and water quality modeling will be compared to its ecological conditions together with the identified ambient parameters, impacts and mitigating measures.
Expected Results: Ecological Baseline, hotspots, mitigating measures and restoration site recommendations
Phase 2: Community–based identification workshops for priority restoration site within the Marikina Watershed
The workshops will identify priority restoration sites within the barangay intercepted by the watershed. The workshops will feedback the results of the surveys and mitigating measures to the local government units, this process will be the basis for the institutionalisation of the restoration site
Expected Result: Priority restoration sites within the barangays identified
Phase 3: Institutionalisation of priority restoration site within the watershed
The institutionalisation of the site will require the following steps: Public consultation, Drafting of Barangay resolution, Drafting of restoration site legal basis.
Expected Result: Municipal resolution adopting the recommendations for Watershed restoration sites
Phase 4: Establishment and institutionalization of a family-base restoration program
The establishment of family-based program is aimed at sustaining the restoration site by strategically building a family-based alliances supported by the local government units within the watershed. The process involves the following: Barangay consultation on the selected families for the restoration program, establishment of family-based wildlings nursery, establishment of family plots, drafting of a family-Local government memorandum of agreement regarding the planting (rehabilitation) and maintenance of the family plots for five years, and planting proper.
Expected results: Marikina watershed priority sites for rehabilitation established
Phase 5: Monitoring and Evaluation: The project will be evaluated and monitored yearly
Climate Change Adaptation: Best Practices in the Philippines Corazon PB.Claudio, Editor Manila, Philippines: Department Of Environment And Natural Resources ©2012